Trees Surrounded by Water They Can’t Use We talk about water, drink water, flush water, spray waterand use water every imaginable way. But what is this stuff?Pure water clear, with no color, taste or odor. It tends tobind closely to itself or bead up. Its properties make it bothunusual chemically and critical biologically.Every school child can recite water’s chemical formula, H2O,which means a single water molecule is composed of three atomsbound together.Two of the three are small hydrogens, each with a single negativelycharged electron shell surrounding a positively charged protoncenter.The third atom is a massive oxygen, which can partially captureand hold the two negatively charged electrons away from the twohydrogens. Oxygen grabs and hordes electrons while still sharingthem a little.Here’s the neat part. The loss of a negative electron shellleaves the positive proton partially exposed on each hydrogen.And the almost continual holding of the two negatively chargedelectrons adds a greater negative charge to the oxygen atom.Water: It’s MagneticThat’s important. The oxygen molecule’s ability to steal electronsfrom its hydrogen partners generates a partial charge separationwithin the molecule. So the water molecule has a positive endand a negative end, like a magnet.Since positive charges stick to negative charges, water moleculeslink together. This unique linkage process, found in few otherelements, allows water to have many valuable special attributesessential for life.Because of this linkage between water molecules, water is slowedfrom evaporation, it’s able to dissolve many things and it floatswhen frozen.And because each water molecule tends to stick closely to itsneighbor, if one is pulled, others will follow. That special bondallows water to be pulled from the soil to the top of trees 300feet tall.Neat, huh?When it comes to managing trees, water is both the problemand the solution. It’s critical to understand it if we’re to effectivelymanage our trees and their water resources.(For more information on water, what it is and how it worksin trees, visit the University of Georgia School of Forest ResourcesWeb site at www.forestry.uga.edu/warnell/service/library.Click on “Service & Outreach,” then “InformationLibrary,” then “Drought Information.”)
A new rule for protecting archeological and historical sites during development under Act 250 is in place after a legislative panel signed off the changes.Officials from the Douglas administration said the new rule would maintain the protection of archeological sites while making it easier for applicants to comply with the state’s environmental protection and development control law.‘This new rule should make the process of applying for an Act 250 permit smoother and more predictable for an applicant under the ‘historic sites’ section of Criterion 8,’ said Tayt Brooks, Commissioner of Economic, Housing and Community Development, including the Division for Historic Preservation.Under Act 250, the division makes recommendations to the district environmental commissions on whether a proposed development would impact ‘historic sites,’ including archeological sites.The new rule clarifies that District Commissions, not the Division, have the final decision-making authority about such questions as whether to require additional field studies, and whether a site is historically significant enough to warrant protecting it.‘The division doesn’t issue permits,’ Brooks said. ‘Our experts provide testimony to the District Commission about historic and archeological resources, and whether or not a project will adversely affect them.’While the state recommends how much field study should be done to determine whether an area is historically significant and should be protected if a permit is issued, the District Commissions make those decisionsThe new rule also clarifies that the definition of a ‘historic site’ includes archeological sites that have not yet been discovered, and encourages applicants to work with the Division as early as possible in the planning process to identify and protect sites, even well before an Act 250 application is submitted.‘We can identify an area as historically significant and recommend to the District Commission that an archeological investigation be conducted by the applicant to ensure no undue adverse effect,’ Brooks said. ‘The applicant can still present evidence to the commission disputing that.’The new rule also sets additional time limits for reviews to make the process more predictable for permit applicants.Brooks said the changes reflected the feedback received during five public meetings last summer around the state, and minor changes were made after a hearing before the Legislative Committee on Administrative Rules, which then recommended approval of the new rule.Source: Division for Historic Preservation. Additional details and the final rule are available at www.HistoricVermont.org(link is external)
Yesterday, President Trump signed orders to renegotiate the much-debated Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines. These orders do not finalize the projects, but they do indicate that the administration plans to approve them. This is in keeping with Trump’s campaign promise to endorse the building of these pipelines.Last year, President Obama rejected the Keystone pipeline to demonstrate the United States’ stand on climate change. Later in November, Obama made a similar decision on the Dakota pipeline, stating that further research had to be done on the environmental impacts of the pipeline.In a statement given during the signing of the executive order, President Trump said the building of the pipe would bring jobs to Americans.“We’re going to put a lot of … steel workers back to work,” Trump said. “We’ll build our own pipelines, we will build our own pipes.”Read more here.
By Dialogo February 26, 2009 Syrian trafficker Monzer Al Kassar, and Chilean Luis Felipe Moreno Godoy were sentenced to more than 20 years’ in prison by a U.S. court by agreeing to the illegal sale of weapons to FARC guerrillas, according to the federal Attorney in Manhattan. Al Kassar was sentenced to 30 years in prison, and his Chilean partner received 25 years imprisonment, reported the source. Al Kassar, known as the “Prince of Marbella”, was convicted last November 20 for arms trafficking with his Chilean partner. The Syrian businessman, who has outstanding warrants by the Justice Department in Argentina, was arrested in Madrid in 2007 after falling into a trap in which several people posed as members of the guerrilla group and were interested in buying 12,000 weapons to attack U.S. agents in Colombia. Al Kassar was prepared to sell the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) shipments worth millions of dollars in land-air missiles, grenade launchers, tons of explosives, thousands of machine guns and heavy ammunition, according to a statement by the Prosecutor’s Office. ”Al Kassar also promised to provide a thousand men to fight with the FARC against U.S. military in Colombia and provide training camps in his country (Syria) to the FARC,” he added. The detainee, who was extradited and sent to New York last June, said he and Moreno Godoy were legal owners of a company that sold weapons internationaly and believed that the treatment given before the arrest was also legal. The Syrian citizen who claimed he was unaware that the weapons were for the FARC because “had he of known, he would have reported them immediately,” he explained in 2007 in Spain, where he even said to have consulted with a police inspector, who he claims told him that there was no problem. As part of the extradition process, the U.S. assured the Spanish government would not ask for life imprisonment for the Syrian businessman. Before his extradition, Al Kassar asked not to be handed over because he was convinced that the United States would not guarantee a fair trial “for being Arab.” He maintains he did not commit “any crime” and calls it “political revenge” because of statements he made in an interview criticizing U.S. president George W. Bush. In Argentina, Al Kassar was accused of committing irregularities in the processing and acquisition of that country’s citizenship, which he obtained in just 24 hours. The Manhattan federal prosecutor, Lev Dassin, thanked the collaboration and cooperation of the Spanish police and Romanian Customs authorities rendered to the U.S. authorities in this case.
By Dialogo July 06, 2012 El buque Gallatin, de la Guardia Costera de los EE.UU., participÃ³ en OperaciÃ³n Martillo. El navÃo es el mÃ¡s grande que la Guardia Costera tiene en patrullaje en el Mar Caribe. (CortesÃa de la Guardia Costera de los Estados Unidos) Personal del buque de la Guardia Costera Valiant examina el contrabando incautado el 31 de mayo que resultÃ³ ser cocaÃna. (CortesÃa de la Guardia Costera de EE.UU) La Guardia Costera de los Estados Unidos incauto 2.654 libras de cocaÃna valorada en US$ 32.5 millones el 31 de mayo en el Mar Caribe (CortesÃa de la Guardia Costera de EE.UU) La fragata de misiles guiados USS Nicholas colaborÃ³ con la Armada colombiana en la captura de una lancha rÃ¡pida con mÃ¡s de US$59 millones en cocaÃna en el Caribe occidental el 6 de mayo. (CortesÃa Armada estadounidense) Una lancha rÃ¡pida con aproximadamente 2.200 kilogramos de cocaÃna fue interceptada por las fuerzas navales de Estados Unidos y Colombia en el Caribe occidental el 6 de mayo. (CortesÃa Armada estadounidense) Un semi-sumergible de propulsiÃ³n propia que transitaba en aguas del Caribe occidental fue incautado por personal de los navÃos Decisive y Pea Islad de la Guardia Costera de los Estados Unidos y la Fuerza Naval de Honduras el 30 de marzo. Personal de seguridad a bordo de los barcos interceptÃ³ al semi-sumergible y detuvo a cuatro supuestos narcotraficantes. El semi-sumergible se hundiÃ³ durante la operaciÃ³n. (CortesÃa de la Guardia Costera de los Estados Unidos)
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York 1. WEAR THE GREAT GATSBYAnyone can see the movie or read the book, but draping themselves in the words of F. Scott Fitzgerald takes fandom to a whole new level. Every inch of this T-shirt from Litographs is covered in text from this classic Long Island novel. Designed by artist Danny Fein, 75,000 words were manually screen-printed onto the garment. While every page could not be squeezed onto the shirt, there’s enough there to keep yourself entertained for at least a few hours.2. TRAVEL WITH GEOGUESSR1. Go to www.geoguessr.com. 2. Get virtually tossed onto the streets of a random area around the world via Google Maps street view. 3. Click your mouse to walk around, zoom in on signs, look at the area and figure out where in the world you are. Sound hard? It is.3. YOUTUBE “DOG CRIES WHILE WATCHING THE LION KING”The caption says it all: “It’s OK dog, that scene gets everyone.” Watch this adorable puppy get choked up while watching a sad scene from The Lion King in this viral video. Then watch it again.4. GET COFFEE AT GEORGIO’SStarbucks. Dunkin’. 7-Eleven. Those are the go-to coffee places for most of Long Island. But tucked away just off Route 110 on New Highway in Farmingdale is a coffee wonderland stocked with fresh-made brews from around the world. Sacks of beans line the walls and all sorts of insane coffee-brewing gadgets that look like they sprung out of Willy Wonka’s factory stand behind the counter ready to make you the best cup of Joe you’ve ever had in your life. It’s beautiful. And addictive.5. MAKE YOUR TUXEDO CAT LEGIT“If only my tuxedo cat had a bow tie…” you often wonder. Problem solved. Add some new options to your kitty’s wardrobe with OskarAndKlaus.com’s new black removable bow tie that can be put on or taken off depending on what look your cat is going for that day.6. GOOGLE “ATARI BREAKOUT”Google’s latest “Easter Egg” game celebrates the 37th birthday of the classic 1970s brick game, Breakout, right in your browser. Just do a Google Image search for “Atari Breakout” and the tiled image results form layers of bricks and a bouncing ball appears on the bottom of your screen that can be controlled with your mouse or arrow keys.7. VISIT RED, YELLOW & BLUEOrly Genger’s installation transforms Madison Square Park with 1.4 million feet of layered, painted, and hand-knotted rope that turns the New York City park’s lush lawns into colorfully-lined chambers. It’s on display through Sept. 8.8. DOWNLOAD TETRIS BLITZWhat’s old is new again! Children of the ’80s you can now race against the clock in a two-minute sprint to clear lines and rack up points right on your smart phone or play on Facebook. Prepare to be addicted.9. ATTEND FRIENDLY’S BURGER BASHOn Sunday, June 9, Friendly’s will host a Burger Bash at its Massapequa Park restaurant where the top three contestants of its “Build Your Own Burger” Contest will make their original burger creations for a panel of local celebrity judges.10. PLAY BEJEWELED IRLIn this real-world version of Bejeweled, swap and match gems and earn coins by matching three or more. The set includes 84 regular gems, seven power gems, 70 scoring coins, a bag and game base.
A family friend was in town this past week. She is part of the Boomer generation, so, a user of new tech, but semi-begrudgingly. At one point, we discussed how her Android phone supported mobile payment. “It’s easier and more secure for you!” I explained to her. “You’ll never need to go through the hassle of getting a new card number again!” Her response? “Yeah, still wouldn’t bother. I’d prefer to just swipe.”This is the type of apathy you’re facing. She didn’t grow up in a world of data security breaches, and considers a reissued credit card “par for the course”. It’s not that she doesn’t believe me when I tell her that mobile payment is vastly better. She just doesn’t care.Maybe I framed it wrong. As we all have, using terms like tokenization instead of just calling it what it is: A security update for your credit card. So what is tokenization (To-Ken-I-Zeh-Shun)? Besides a big, scary word, of course. It’s always thrown around when mobile payments are discussed, but a recent survey shows understanding is lacking. Nearly a third of people admit to not knowing what it means and almost half say that it wouldn’t encourage them to use mobile payments. My interpretation: That latter group doesn’t grasp what it is either, but are afraid to admit it. So, what is it and why should you care? Tokenization represents how your card number is handled during the transaction. Still fuzzy? That’s ok.Here’s how a normal purchase works (greatly simplified and leaving out payment processor):1. Swipe at terminal (or type number on computer).2. The number on the front of your card goes to the merchant.3. Merchant asks credit card issuer (your credit union or bank) if the number is good.4. Bank or credit union looks at number and gives a “yay or nay”.5. Merchant keeps your name and card number so they know who you are when you buy again.As you can see, the number on your card passes through multiple hands, and even stays with some. While your financial institution guards the number, others along the line may not. This is how major breaches occur. Bad actors break into these non-bank systems and steal the list of names and numbers, then sell them on the black market. Sometimes they lie in wait, gathering new numbers for months before anyone even notices. Then, the numbers are sold or posted online, and that’s when your frustrations begin.Here’s how a tokenized mobile payment works (Samsung Pay excluded, as it is the same as above and should not be considered secure):1. When you add a card to your phone’s “wallet”, it asks your bank or credit union to verify your identity.2. Your issuer then creates a new number just for mobile payments (which you never see).3. Upon paying with your phone, a fingerprint is required to show it’s really you.4. The phone then uses your “mobile payment” number to make another one-time-use number and sends that to the merchant.5. The merchant asks your bank or credit union if this number is good, but learns nothing from it, since it will never be used again.The number on your card never leaves your possession. Best part of this? If every one of those systems was hacked, your card number would still be safe. The issuer just makes a new “mobile payment” number for you, and that’s it. No canceling accounts, changing numbers, or mailing cards. In fact, it might happen without you ever knowing. Think of it like a security update for your credit card.Tokenization isn’t scary. Swiping your card the old way is. Your credit union put a lot of work into supporting the mobile payment systems…growth will remain stagnant if only 1/4 see the value. Help your members live a safer financial life and spread the knowledge! 24SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,Joe Winn What do you get when you mix auto loan programs with a desire to help others? Well, approaches that make a difference, of course. So what do you get when … Web: credituniongeek.com Details
Wolk added that these discussions will help Johnson & Johnson determine pricing for its vaccine, which the US drugmaker intends to sell on a not-for-profit basis during the pandemic.”The more demand we have the better and lower that cost would potentially be,” Wolk said.The company aims to begin manufacturing the vaccine later this year, depending on its success in clinical trials, he added.In its Thursday earnings call, J&J said it plans to start its first human trials of its COVID-19 vaccine on July 22 and could kick off late-stage studies as soon as September.Topics : The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation would focus on allocating any vaccine it acquired to developing countries, Wolk added. Reuters previously reported that J&J is also in talks with the European Union.”Nothing has been finalized yet. We continue to have those discussions,” Wolk told Reuters. “People from the countries and the organizations we mentioned want to lock in a certain minimum level of capacity that they would get.”Wolk said that the “general construct” of the discussions is likely to take a form similar to AstraZeneca Plc’s deal with the US government, which provided $1.2 billion in drug development aid to the U.K. drugmaker in exchange for locking in a delivery of around 300 million doses for fall 2020.AstraZeneca has also signed a contract with France, Germany, Italy and the Netherlands for up to 400 million doses of its potential vaccine. It has also partnered with non-profits to ensure distribution to developing countries. Johnson & Johnson is in talks with the government of Japan and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation about locking up allocations of its potential COVID-19 vaccine as it prepares to kick off human trials, the company’s Chief Financial Officer Joseph Wolk told Reuters in an interview.More than a hundred vaccines are under development to try and stop the COVID-19 pandemic, and drugmakers including J&J are working to ramp up supply for their vaccines in the face of unprecedented demand.J&J has already agreed to prioritize an allocation to the United States as part of its funding agreement with the US government’s Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA), Wolk said.
FOR MANY YEARS suburban rail services in the Brazilian city of São Paulo suffered serious neglect. The metro, in sharp contrast, offers a high quality service. It has attracted considerable investment, allowing it to grow into a 44 km network, with extensions and new lines under construction. After years of ignoring the deteriorating suburban railway, São Paulo has finally recognised that the services run by the Metropolitan Train Co CPTM have a major role to play in bringing mobility to the 15 million people who live in and around the city.Around US$1·2bn of public funds is being spent on modernising the 270 km network; this includes buying new trains, refurbishing existing stock, renewing track and signalling, plus constructing new stations, rebuilding old ones and laying new track in the eastern and western suburbs.Speaking to around 2700 delegates at the 52nd UITP Congress in Stuttgart last month, São Paulo State Metropolitan Transit Secretary Claudio de Senna Frederico said that the trains on five routes ’carry 1 million passengers a day, but demand is at least three times that number’. He envisaged that by working with the private sector it would be possible to launch new services and build new lines, possibly including one to São Paulo’s distant international airport. With the investment programme well in hand, CPTM will be offered next year to a private sector concessionaire, either as separate lines or as a single entity.If the programme succeeds, São Paulo’s rail network will be contributing to the UITP’s projected 50% increase in use of the world’s public transport by 2010, when 1700 million daily trips will be made. It will be a clear demonstration that public transport depends on political support and on close links with urban and regional planning – a point emphasised at the UITP Congress by outgoing President James K Isaac.In Stuttgart UITP delegates saw at first hand the fruits of such a policy. German operators now face the challenge of introducing regulated competition to drive down costs without destroying the carefully constructed packages of co-ordinated fares and services that have so successfully nurtured the growth of public transport. As President of Germany’s Association of Public Transport Operators Dipl-Ing Dieter Ludwig warned, ’there is no place for low-quality services in the German market’. Nor in São Paulo or any other city. o
Swan said: “I have mostly point to pointers now and have a couple for bumpers for the moment. “It’s a lot easier now, and at least I don’t have to ring owners with bad news any more!” He added of the winner: “It’s always hard to make the running and it was a messy race, but he’s a good clear winded horse and will improve a lot for the run. “He’ll probably be sold now, but is also in the Land Rover Bumper (at Punchestown), so that is also a possibility.” Charlie Swan enjoyed a ‘comeback’ winner as Vinciaettis landed the 59 Hospitality Packages At Limerick Racecourse (Pro/Am) Flat Race at Limerick. Former leading rider Swan retired from full-time training in January, citing dwindling numbers and rising costs, and was having his first runner since with a restricted licence. Nina Carberry made the running on Swan’s charge, who was sent off the 4-5 favourite, and her mount found plenty when asked to pick up, holding the late challenge of Tokenella by three-quarters of a length. Press Association