first_imgWolk added that these discussions will help Johnson & Johnson determine pricing for its vaccine, which the US drugmaker intends to sell on a not-for-profit basis during the pandemic.”The more demand we have the better and lower that cost would potentially be,” Wolk said.The company aims to begin manufacturing the vaccine later this year, depending on its success in clinical trials, he added.In its Thursday earnings call, J&J said it plans to start its first human trials of its COVID-19 vaccine on July 22 and could kick off late-stage studies as soon as September.Topics : The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation would focus on allocating any vaccine it acquired to developing countries, Wolk added. Reuters previously reported that J&J is also in talks with the European Union.”Nothing has been finalized yet. We continue to have those discussions,” Wolk told Reuters. “People from the countries and the organizations we mentioned want to lock in a certain minimum level of capacity that they would get.”Wolk said that the “general construct” of the discussions is likely to take a form similar to AstraZeneca Plc’s deal with the US government, which provided $1.2 billion in drug development aid to the U.K. drugmaker in exchange for locking in a delivery of around 300 million doses for fall 2020.AstraZeneca has also signed a contract with France, Germany, Italy and the Netherlands for up to 400 million doses of its potential vaccine. It has also partnered with non-profits to ensure distribution to developing countries. Johnson & Johnson is in talks with the government of Japan and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation about locking up allocations of its potential COVID-19 vaccine as it prepares to kick off human trials, the company’s Chief Financial Officer Joseph Wolk told Reuters in an interview.More than a hundred vaccines are under development to try and stop the COVID-19 pandemic, and drugmakers including J&J are working to ramp up supply for their vaccines in the face of unprecedented demand.J&J has already agreed to prioritize an allocation to the United States as part of its funding agreement with the US government’s Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA), Wolk said.last_img read more

first_imgFOR MANY YEARS suburban rail services in the Brazilian city of São Paulo suffered serious neglect. The metro, in sharp contrast, offers a high quality service. It has attracted considerable investment, allowing it to grow into a 44 km network, with extensions and new lines under construction. After years of ignoring the deteriorating suburban railway, São Paulo has finally recognised that the services run by the Metropolitan Train Co CPTM have a major role to play in bringing mobility to the 15 million people who live in and around the city.Around US$1·2bn of public funds is being spent on modernising the 270 km network; this includes buying new trains, refurbishing existing stock, renewing track and signalling, plus constructing new stations, rebuilding old ones and laying new track in the eastern and western suburbs.Speaking to around 2700 delegates at the 52nd UITP Congress in Stuttgart last month, São Paulo State Metropolitan Transit Secretary Claudio de Senna Frederico said that the trains on five routes ’carry 1 million passengers a day, but demand is at least three times that number’. He envisaged that by working with the private sector it would be possible to launch new services and build new lines, possibly including one to São Paulo’s distant international airport. With the investment programme well in hand, CPTM will be offered next year to a private sector concessionaire, either as separate lines or as a single entity.If the programme succeeds, São Paulo’s rail network will be contributing to the UITP’s projected 50% increase in use of the world’s public transport by 2010, when 1700 million daily trips will be made. It will be a clear demonstration that public transport depends on political support and on close links with urban and regional planning – a point emphasised at the UITP Congress by outgoing President James K Isaac.In Stuttgart UITP delegates saw at first hand the fruits of such a policy. German operators now face the challenge of introducing regulated competition to drive down costs without destroying the carefully constructed packages of co-ordinated fares and services that have so successfully nurtured the growth of public transport. As President of Germany’s Association of Public Transport Operators Dipl-Ing Dieter Ludwig warned, ’there is no place for low-quality services in the German market’. Nor in São Paulo or any other city. olast_img read more

first_img Swan said: “I have mostly point to pointers now and have a couple for bumpers for the moment. “It’s a lot easier now, and at least I don’t have to ring owners with bad news any more!” He added of the winner: “It’s always hard to make the running and it was a messy race, but he’s a good clear winded horse and will improve a lot for the run. “He’ll probably be sold now, but is also in the Land Rover Bumper (at Punchestown), so that is also a possibility.” Charlie Swan enjoyed a ‘comeback’ winner as Vinciaettis landed the 59 Hospitality Packages At Limerick Racecourse (Pro/Am) Flat Race at Limerick. Former leading rider Swan retired from full-time training in January, citing dwindling numbers and rising costs, and was having his first runner since with a restricted licence. Nina Carberry made the running on Swan’s charge, who was sent off the 4-5 favourite, and her mount found plenty when asked to pick up, holding the late challenge of Tokenella by three-quarters of a length. center_img Press Associationlast_img read more

first_imgClass of 2015 power forward Moustapha Diagne has verbally committed to Syracuse, he announced at the Mary Kline Classic, which he played in, on Saturday night.Alex Kline of first reported Diagne’s decision, and several reports have since confirmed.Diagne is a four-star recruit per, and is listed at 6 feet, 8 inches and 230 pounds by the site. He chose the Orange over Florida, Kansas, Memphis and Villanova, according to Scout. Diagne currently attends Pope John XXIII (Sparta, N.J.) High School, where he is finishing his junior year.He becomes the fourth member of the Orange’s Class of 2015, joining five-star small forward Malachi Richardson (Hamilton, N.J.), four-star power forward Tyler Lydon (New Hampton, N.H.) and four-star shooting guard Franklin Howard (Fairfax, Va.), who also played in the event Saturday. Comments AdvertisementThis is placeholder text Published on May 31, 2014 at 7:52 pm Contact Matt: | @matt_schneidman Facebook Twitter Google+last_img read more

first_imgAris Mangasarian (right) founded The Underground Trojans to help formerly incarcerated students like Ronaldo Villeda (left) and himself to pursue higher education. (Emily Smith | Daily Trojan)After he was released from prison in January 2014, Aris Mangasarian found it difficult to find the resources to apply to a four-year university from community college. In response to his struggles years later, the junior founded The Underground Trojans at USC, a group meant to help formerly incarcerated individuals who are low-level offenders transition from the judicial system to higher education.“Essentially what we’re doing is reducing prison recidivism and increasing the likelihood of a more productive, healthier lifestyle for returning citizens,” said Mangasarian, who is majoring in psychology. “We’re using higher education as a bridge between incarceration and successful reentry into the community.”The organization is connecting students at different community colleges with the hope of helping them transfer to four-year institutions like USC.In community college, Mangasarian explained how his academic counselor was unable to answer his career-oriented questions because of his record of multiple low-risk criminal offenses. “They are not used to students asking those types of questions because we’re extremely non-traditional,” Mangasarian said. “Forget the color of your skin, your gender, your social economic status … none of those things matter. [Formerly incarcerated students] are just branded in a completely different way.”  When Mangasarian was sent to a halfway house, which gives formerly incarcerated people a transition space from prison to general society, he was asked to find a job as a requirement. Although he found a temporary job in construction, he realized that higher-end companies would not hire felons. For this reason, he decided to pursue higher education — on his own, however.“I started off on the wrong path,” he said. “I never went to high school … I started using drugs early in my life and ended up years behind bars. There was always this feeling of shame. I didn’t like the path I was on but I didn’t really see a way out. At some point, I wanted something different.” Ronaldo Villeda, a sophomore at Coastline Community College who was formerly incarcerated, is pursuing a path similar to Mangasarian. Villeda is currently receiving guidance from The Underground Trojans to apply to USC’s Iovine and Young Academy for the 2019-20 academic year. During his time at Orange County Juvenile Hall, Villeda took Distance Learning courses on general business, which sparked his interest in pursuing higher education and ultimately a career in business.“For formerly incarcerated individuals, education is usually not an option,” Villeda said. “It’s not a route that they see. They just think, ‘Education isn’t going to do anything for me’ and that’s where they’re wrong.”Villeda said the stigma surrounding individuals who have gone through the criminal justice system must be abolished because everyone deserves the right to an education. He said education is key regardless of a person’s background. “[People] need to be a little bit more compassionate because everybody has a story,” Villeda said. “You never know what people have been through. Right when you say, ‘I’m formerly incarcerated, I’m a felon’ I feel like you just get put into a category and you’re like an outsider.”Rossier School of Education adjunct professor Robert Hill, who serves as the Underground Trojans’ advisor, said he hopes the organization will bring awareness to the formerly incarcerated student population inside and outside of the USC community and demonstrate that the students are just like any other students on campus. “We’re trying to make people aware that it’s okay to identify as formerly incarcerated,” Hill said. “It’s a special population of students that they shouldn’t have to fear. They should be identified so they can gain those resources.”Mangasarian met Hill through the Restorative Justice Center at Glendale Community College, an organization for the formerly incarcerated he founded while studying there. Mangasarian created a workshop to help the formerly incarcerated polish their stories and communicate their experiences in a way that highlights their strengths, something he hopes to bring to Underground Trojans. “There are a lot of resources that formerly incarcerated students can use,” Mangasarian said. “But there isn’t something that is specifically geared toward us … We need to be informed on these [opportunities] so we can make these informed decisions about our future careers.” Just like he did, Mangasarian hopes students find the strength and empowerment to pursue education and to become leaders for social change and advocacy through his organization. “[We need to view them] as human beings,” Mangasarian said. “These are people who have paid their debts to society — enough is enough. How long do I have to be in prison for? I already did that, why am I marginalized? Why am I still being defined by my path … We should be given more chances.”last_img read more

first_imgJust minutes after stepping to the podium following Saturday’s 23-14 victoryover Utah, USC coach Lane Kiffin was confronted with a reporter’s question regarding the “controversial” on-field interview he gave a week earlier, in which he said USC only had two good players on offense.The question had nothing to do with the outcome of the Trojans’ most recent game, nor was it related to any storylines leading up to tomorrow’s showdown with Syracuse. Yet not a single person batted an eye in the crowded L.A. Coliseum media room, because after all, we’ve come to accept the subtle vilification of Kiffin, even if it comes without logic or reason.Kiffin’s well-documented past will never be erased, as it remains an essential part of his coaching narrative.His brief stint in Knoxville, Tenn., was highlighted by brash guarantees, off-the-cuff remarks and childish behavior unbefitting of a college football head coach.But presently, it’s clear to anyone who has truly followed his cross-country journey to Los Angeles that he is not that same guy he was two years ago.Though he continues to praise senior tailback Marc Tyler for his redemption story, the true Hollywood transformation lies within the coach himself.Not too long ago he was the crass, entitled punk of the SEC, whose naivety showed through in endless ESPN reels and Internet videos.These days, he is a shell of his former self.Kiffin 2.0 is a man methodical in his delivery, carefully crafting every noun, verb and adjective, so that it comes off with a sense of class and genuine humility. Call it manufactured if you like; I’d prefer mature.It’s funny that media and fans alike continue to overlook his growth as a coach, simply because that story isn’t eye-grabbing or sexy nowadays.As the football coach at a prestigious university like USC, there should be no sense of accomplishment for the mere fact that he can now respectfully handle media obligations.But taking into consideration what he stepped into and where he came from, his progress, from a communication standpoint, should not go unnoticed.Granted, he will never charm the pants off of fans or fill up a post-practice press conference with a quote book full of sound bites like his predecessor.If you are looking for a grand motivator, one who can yell and scream in the locker room only to come out all smiles for the media, the introverted Kiffin will never be that guy.It’s time we stop trying to mold him into that kind of figure.Sure, he signed up for the microscopic knit-picking that goes on with every move he makes, whether its on a two-point conversion or on what color visor to wear.Sure, regardless of the scrutiny he faces, Kiffin will still admit this is his ultimate dream job.Yet, why does it feel like we are all so intent on turning his dream into a living nightmare every time he veers from the pristine coaching model?It’s often the media’s job to find the most interesting angle on a story, even if to the naked eye that angle doesn’t appear to exist.It’s that magical element that sells stories and promotes websites to Trojan supporters who clamor with baited breath at even the slightest bit of behind-the-scenes scoop.But what if that angle truly doesn’t exist when it comes to the portrayal of Kiffin?Maybe he is truly content this time around showering the media with bland commentary and straight-forward responses instead of the air of confidence he so readily displayed at Tennessee.This approach might not sell T-shirts or make airwaves, but he didn’t come to USC to serve as a central fodder figure for beat writers and talking heads alike — he came to coach.Kiffin’s newfound persona makes him an easy target when he does misstep from time to time, but it takes an awful lot to ignore the typical cat-and-mouse antics coaches and reporters so often play with one another.“Usually the people writing the negative stuff don’t know me at all,” Kiffin said in a recent interview with “I think people that don’t know me, it’s almost like they don’t believe I’m human.”Though I have never broken bread or shared a heartfelt conversation with the man, I can confirm he is in fact human.My only hope is that we all can start to treat him as such. “For The Love Of The Game” runs every other Friday. To comment on this article, visit or email Dave at read more

first_imgIn its season finale, the USC women’s tennis team travels up the freeway to Westwood to face off against No. 1 UCLA in a showdown of the Pac-12’s top teams.A win for the No. 4 Women of Troy (19-3, 6-1) could mean a possible Pac-12 title. The top-ranked Bruins have beaten the Women of Troy twice this season, but defeating a team three times in one year is no easy feat.UCLA (21-1, 8-1) almost reached this point in the season with an unblemished record, but California defeated the Bruins last Friday in Westwood before Cal fell to the Women of Troy the following day.In what has been an amazing year in terms of depth in the Pac-12, both UCLA and USC have shown an ability to fight through the conference and remain a top team in the nation.The Bruins first beat the Women of Troy in the semifinal match during the Intercollegiate Tennis Association National Indoor Championship in North Carolina, a tournament that UCLA won. On March 1, USC fell to the Bruins at home in a 4-3 heartbreaker that had the look of a postseason match.In fact, the Women of Troy have not beaten UCLA in the past two seasons with their last victory being at home in 2009.USC faces a tough task trying to take down the Bruins on Friday, especially when you consider that all six of the Bruins’ players are ranked nationally.Heading UCLA’s singles is freshman Robin Anderson, who ranks third in the nation and poses a very serious threat to fellow freshman Zoë Scandalis on court 1.Though there’s a precipitous drop-off for UCLA after first singles with No. 96 McCall Jones, the second-highest-ranked player on the squad, by no means does that abstain the Women of Troy from a gritty, tough Bruins team.Jones usually moves around the rotation and can be seen playing anywhere form court 2 to court 4 on Friday. Following Jones is Skylar Morton, Pamela Montez, Chanelle Van Nguyen and Kaitlyn Ray, all of whom rank from No. 107 to No. 118.Junior Danielle Lao will have to be at her finest for the Women of Troy since a singles point from her goes a long way to building momentum within the match.The freshmen — Scandalis, Sabrina Santamaria and Gabriella DeSimone — need to play at their usual high levels and show the maturity they have shown all season long. Though this is just one match, a win for Scandalis would be a nice boost of confidence for a freshman who has taken a beating on court 1 all year.Battling against teams’ top players day in and day out has an adverse effect, both mentally and physically, and a win on court 1 would be monumental not just for this match but in the grand scheme of things.For the Women of Troy, Friday is a battle for revenge, a grudge match of sorts, as this traditional rivalry among two of the nation’s powerhouses always comes with great pressure and excitement. USC has a possible Pac-12 riding on this game, but moreso a victory will be a great confidence booster with the NCAA tournament in sight.last_img read more

first_imgA.J. Taylor left Camp Randall Stadium after practice this week, he noticed his bicycle had been towed.He began to walk home when fellow freshman wide receiver on the University of Wisconsin football team Quintez Cephus passed him on his moped. For a moment, it appeared Cephus would stop and offer Taylor a ride home. At the last second, however, he sped away, leaving Taylor to trek the rest of the way back to his dormitory on foot.Taylor told that story Tuesday as an example of how the freshman wide receiving group comprised of Cephus, Taylor and Kendric Pryor are “always joking around.”On the field, though, they leave the laughs behind.On the Badgers latest depth chart, Taylor and Cephus found themselves listed on the two-man deep spots behind starting wide receivers Jazz Peavy and Robert Wheelwright.“It’s just showing me that I have something in store here. I have to become a young adult and actually grow up and take this thing seriously and really try to develop everyday and make this something I can come to and go hard at it to be the best I can be,” Cephus said.Both recorded their first catches at the college level Saturday during No. 9 Wisconsin’s 54-10 win over Akron.“There was a lot going on, but Saturday was a fun day,” Taylor said. “It was a great day.”Football: No. 10 Wisconsin rolls to 54-10 win over Akron behind career day from Jazz PeavyFor what feels like a long time, the University of Wisconsin football team has sought consistent production from its two Read…Taylor caught two passes for 39 yards, including a 35-yard corner route that came less than a yard away from being recorded as his first collegiate touchdown. Cephus’ catch went for 10 yards and came on a 3rd and 7. He laid out for it and hauled it in with his arms outstretched near the UW sideline.“It took a lot off my back, trying to figure out if I could play at this level,” Cephus said of his first catch. “It definitely helped me confidence-wise.”These milestones are well deserved products of repetitions the two earned in training camp, where they impressed nearly every day.Taylor said going through training camp was tough, but he knew how important camp was to laying the foundation for the Wisconsin offense.Taylor’s goal was to avoid redshirting this year, but wouldn’t be upset if the coaching staff advised against that decision. He knew he’d have to accomplish that by working hard from the beginning of training camp.Training camp proved to be a pivotal time for Taylor’s development. As a running back in high school, he had to learn the basics of wide receiver: how to line up and how many steps to take in a route. Now that the rudimentary elements of the position are second nature to him, he’s more relaxed on the field, he said.“I can just go out there and have fun,” Taylor said.Plus, he now has a support system in Cephus and Pryor.“When I mess up, it’s like ‘It’s OK, I just messed up on that too,’” Taylor said. “It’s things like that. It just makes it fun.”Football: Badgers rout Zips in home-openerNo. 10 Wisconsin football had a routine day during its home opener against the Akron Zips Saturday afternoon. The Badgers Read…Wide receivers coach Ted Gilmore has been pleased with the development of the younger players in his unit.“Sometimes, in recruiting, you think a young man physically has the ability to try to help and obviously what was going on with our position, the numbers were low anyway, which allowed them to get more reps,” Gilmore said. “But you never know how they’re going to pick up the things mentally and those guys have done a good job picking that up.”As a result, Gilmore said, the coaching staff trusts placing Cephus and Taylor into significant situations.According to Gilmore, the physical transition from high school to the college game is easier at receiver, than say lineman. Both Taylor and Cephus are lengthy, strong young men.There’s still obviously a lot to work on too, he added.“Getting them to look at the big picture [and] getting them to understand when this happens, you have to do this,” he said.last_img read more

first_img StumbleUpon SBC Magazine Issue 10: Kaizen Gaming rebrand and focus for William Hill CEO August 25, 2020 Share Submit Related Articles GVC hires ‘comms pro’ Tessa Curtis to re-energise media profile  August 25, 2020 Philip BowcockThe Financial Times has reported that William Hill governance will announce the promotion of Chief Financial Officer and ‘interim’ CEO Philip Bowcock to the corporate leadership position of Group Chief Executive this Friday.Bowcock who joined the FTSE operator in November 2015 from UK Cinema chain Cineworld Group, has been acting as interim William Hill leader following the departure of James Henderson last July.William Hill governance is expected to confirm its leadership appointment this Friday along with the firms ‘full-year’ 2016 financial statement. William Hill’s board has faced stakeholder criticism for its lengthy nine-month search in finding a new leader, with UK news sources reporting that the firm had been rebuffed by a number of candidates.Industry analysts and William Hill investors are eagerly awaiting the report, as William Hill governance is expected to further detail the firm’s recovery plan amid a well-documented decline in its digital verticals.Furthermore, concerns have been raised regarding William Hill’s ability to compete within the saturated UK betting market, which is now home to the merged FTSE enterprises of Paddy Power Betfair, Ladbrokes-Coral and GVC Holdings.The potential sale of William Hill hit business headlines this February, with London hedge fund Parvus Asset Management the operator’s biggest shareholder (14%) publicly stating that it wanted to push for a 2017 sale of the company.Should  Philip Bowcock be appointed William Hill leader this Friday, he is likely taking on the toughest job in the industry! Share William Hill accelerates transformation agenda to overcome COVID realities August 5, 2020last_img read more

first_imgManchester United striker Wayne Rooney will face no action from the Football Association after he appeared to elbow Wigan midfielder James McCarthy.The incident occurred during Saturday’s Premier League match at the DW Stadium in which Rooney scored one of the goals in United’s 4-0 victory.TV replays showed Rooney catch McCarthy on the side of his head with his elbow.Referee Mark Clattenburg gave a free-kick but Wigan boss Roberto Martinez believed Rooney deserved a red card.Clattenburg told the FA on Monday that he felt he took the appropriate action, which means the governing body cannot launch disciplinary proceedings against the 25-year-old England forward.The rules do not allow retrospective action against a player if the official sees the alleged offence.Martinez said on Saturday: “I saw the incident clearly and the referee did as well because he gave the free-kick. “Once you give a free-kick it is quite clear that it is a red card.When you look at the replay, it is quite clear he catches James McCarthy in the face with his elbow.“It is a big call in the game. It is unfortunate because the referee saw it but he didn’t feel it was a red card.“If one of my players had done that, I would think he was very lucky to stay on the pitch.”However, United manager Sir Alex Ferguson commented: “There’s nothing in it.” The Scot then sought to deflect attention away from the incident and claimed: “As it is Wayne, the press will raise a campaign to get him hung or electrocuted, something like that.”Ferguson’s assistant Mike Phelan also played down the incident.“We can’t dispute the referee’s decision,” he stated. “He’s kept the game flowing and we’re happy with that.“There should not be a witch-hunt. The referee was consistent with all his decisions. We should lie low a little bit and let the powers that be take [control of] the game.”But Match of the Day 2 pundit John Hartson described Rooney’s actions as “indefensible”. The former Wales, West Ham and Celtic striker said: “It could crack McCarthy’s jaw in eight places, could have knocked the boy out. How on earth you can defend that? Having seen those pictures, I do not know.We like the fact that Rooney gets stuck in, he’s a really good footballer. But it’s not about him. We are not singling him out here.”Having avoided any suspension, Rooney is free to play in Tuesday’s crunch Premier League clash at Chelsea, although United could have appealed against any ban to guarantee his availability.Former referee Graham Poll has called for technology to be used to ensure decisions and punishments are the “right result” rather than the result determined by split-second decisions.“We now have the opportunity to correct some of the wrongs, when they are clearly wrong, by using video technology and it baffles me as to why we don’t do that,” Poll told BBC Radio 5 live. In 2006 Manchester City defender Ben Thatcher was suspended for eight games with a 15-match suspended ban by the Football Association for elbowing Portsmouth midfielder Pedro Mendes.Thatcher was only booked at the time by referee Dermot Gallagher, but the FA circumvented its own rules to lodge a charge of “serious foul play” against Thatcher.However, Poll, a Premier League referee from 1993-2007, said the reaction to the Thatcher incident by world football’s governing body Fifa meant similar retrospective action is unlikely to happen again.“With Ben Thatcher, Dermot Gallagher was told and accepted he was wrong and the FA acted with Manchester City’s blessing,” said Poll.“Fifa then criticised the FA for increasing that because they were re-refereeing a decision which a referee had seen and acted upon. “Even if the referee is wrong, Fifa doesn’t believe that is the correct course of action.“So with that in mind, the FA have now gone down the path where, if the referee sees an incident and acts upon it, whether he is right or wrong, they will support him and stick with it.“If Mark Clattenburg had watched Match of the Day on Saturday night and thought he had got it wrong and put in his report that he would like the FA to look at the video, they would have ignored it anyway.“The irony is the assessor, which was Mike Reid from Birmingham, has to watch the video afterwards and asses Mark Clattenburg on the accuracy of his decision making using video technology.“So Clattenburg could still be punished for getting it wrong. If Mike Reid thinks it’s a red card – he’ll mark him down. “Referees will accept if they are wrong, and I think in this incident Clattenburg was wrong, they won’t mind if the disciplinary punishments are corrected.”Despite being unable to retrospectively discipline players when an incident has already been dealt with by the referee, the FA has overturned bans after matches, as in the case of Manchester City defender Pablo Zabaleta who avoided a three-match ban after appealing against his red card against Arsenal in January.Fifa’s disciplinary statutes state that “an expulsion automatically incurs suspension from the next subsequent match” but the FA is able to allow the sending-off to stay on the player’s record, while “adjusting” the suspension to no ban in order to nullify the punishment.One Fifa regulation which could be implemented to help the FA punish retrospectively but is not, is Article 77 (specific jurisdiction), which states: The Disciplinary Committee is responsible for:a) sanctioning serious infringements which have escaped the match officials’ attention;b) rectifying obvious errors in the referee’s disciplinary decisions;c) extending the duration of a match suspension incurred automatically by an expulsion (cf. art 18, par. 4);d) pronouncing additional sanctions, such as a fine.Credit: BBClast_img read more